“Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you’ll be grateful you did.” - Sarah Coldwell


English at Aberford C of E Primary School

The more you read and write, the more you broaden your vocabulary and are able to articulate concepts accurately and more effectively to others, thus increasing your ability to communicate and listen.

Words are the building blocks of life and reading skills serve as a foundation for writing.

Within this area, there are the key strands: reading, writing, grammar development, spelling, handwriting, oracy and drama.

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English - Long Term Plans and Progression

If you have any questions regarding the curriculum we teach, please contact the school directly.

'A journey of a lifetime starts with the turning of a page.' - Rachel Anders


How reading supports our school's vision:

Central to learning is creating a life-long love of reading and books and at Aberford C of E Primary school, it is our belief that every child should be able to read for pleasure and to a high standard.

A child's reading skills are important to their success in school as they will allow them to access the breadth of the curriculum and improve their communication and language skills. Additionally, reading improves language and vocabulary, inspires imagination and gives everyone the opportunity to develop and foster new interests. Reading can be an enjoyable and imaginative time for children, opening doors to all kinds of new worlds for them. We want to open a pathway of wonder and joy for curious young minds and, through reading, give our children the opportunity to develop culturally, socially and emotionally as well as reaping the benefits academically. 

We firmly believe that every child should be given the tools to develop into an enthusiastic and confident reader both at home and at school. Every child is taught a range of strategies to support their development to become a confident, independent reader.

The overarching aim for English in the national curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written language and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. read easily, fluently and with a good understanding

National Curriculum Aims for all pupils:

  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate

The programmes of study for reading at key stages 1 and 2 consists of 2 dimensions:

  • word reading
  • comprehension (both listening and reading)

It is essential that teaching focuses on developing pupils’ competence in both dimensions; different kinds of teaching are needed for each.

Skilled word reading involves both the speedy working out of the pronunciation of unfamiliar printed words (decoding) and the speedy recognition of familiar printed words. Underpinning both is the understanding that the letters on the page represent the sounds in spoken words. This is why phonics should be emphasised in the early teaching of reading to beginners (ie unskilled readers) when they start school.

Good comprehension draws from linguistic knowledge (in particular of vocabulary and grammar) and on knowledge of the world. Comprehension skills develop through pupils’ experience of high-quality discussion with the teacher, as well as from reading and discussing a range of stories, poems and non-fiction. All pupils must be encouraged to read widely across both fiction and non-fiction to develop their knowledge of themselves and the world they live in, to establish an appreciation and love of reading, and to gain knowledge across the curriculum. Reading widely and often increases pupils’ vocabulary because they encounter words they would rarely hear or use in everyday speech. Reading also feeds pupils’ imagination and opens up a treasure house of wonder and joy for curious young minds.

It is essential that, by the end of their primary education, all pupils are able to read fluently, and with confidence, in any subject in their forthcoming secondary education

What does reading look like at Aberford C of E Primary School?

Reading is at the heart of our curriculum and at Aberford C of E Primary school, we aim to foster a love of language and reading. We, therefore, attach great importance to enabling our children to become fluent readers. We aspire to ensure that all children leave our school reading to the very best of their ability and ready for the challenge of the next stage in their education.

Early Reading:

In Reception, Year 1 and Year 2, early reading is closely matched with phonics learning as the children follow our own phonics programme based upon the ‘Letters and Sounds’ 2007 documentation. We have used the 'Letters and Sounds' phonics document and adapted it to fit into our English curriculum. We also use the 'Read Write Inc' mnemonics to support our teaching. Independent reading books are closely matched with a pupil’s phonic ability. 

Reading Lessons:

Children learn to read through encountering challenging texts which form the basis of our reading sessions.  Our reading lessons focus on developing vocabulary, teachers modelling high-quality active reading, and lots of practice for children to develop their key skills.  In Key Stage 2, these are to explain the meaning of words in context, retrieve information from the text, interpret the meaning of the text, and consider authorial choices.  Children will recognise these vital key skills as our ‘VIPERS’ skills.  In addition to these important techniques, Key Stage 1 children also learn to decode (see Phonics). 

Our teaching of reading is effective. We place a great emphasis on children building their fluency of reading so that they are able to access and understand the challenging texts which form our reading curriculum.  

Reading fluency

Children throughout the school also read daily in timetabled reading sessions These are in addition to the hour-long lesson dedicated to teaching children how to apply their key skills. During these sessions, children not only build their reading fluency but also have an opportunity to develop comprehension skills, work in a smaller focus group with a teacher, independently read to an adult within the classroom or listen to a book being read to them. In our wider curriculum lessons, children apply these skills in context, reading to learn, and acquiring lots of higher-order, academic vocabulary.

Independent Reading

As well as lots of practice at school, children are expected to read at home for 15 minutes per day (in KS1 and EYFS) and 20 minutes per day (in KS2). Children are expected to have their reading records signed by a parent or carer at least three times per week.  Staff ensure that children also have lots of opportunities to practise at school, if home reading is ever an issue.


'You should write because you love the shape of stories and sentences and the creation of different words on a page.  Writing comes from reading, and reading is the finest teacher of how to write.'  - Annie Proulx


How writing supports our school's vision:

At Aberford C of E Primary school, we love English and believe that this subject lies at the heart of all learning. Across the curriculum, we provide engaging and enjoyable opportunities for learners to develop and practise their literacy skills to enable them to become skilled communicators.

The study of English develops children’s abilities to listen, speak, read and write for a wide range of purposes and thus use language both to learn and communicate ideas, views and feelings. It enables children to express themselves creatively and imaginatively as they become enthusiastic and critical readers of stories, poetry and plays, as well as non-fiction and media texts. Children gain an understanding of how language and vocabulary work by looking at its patterns, structures and origins. They use their knowledge, skills and understanding in speaking, listening, reading and writing across a range of different situations and topics across the curriculum.

At Aberford C of E Primary School, we want our teaching of English to capture the imagination of our pupils. We aim to empower them by giving them the opportunities and guidance to develop their skills to be confident at speaking, listening, reading and writing. We aspire to create passionate authors who love to write and take pride in their learning and above all, we strive to embed a love of English that will enrich the lives of the children we teach.

How spelling supports our school's vision:

Spellings at Aberford play a crucial role in our school life. It is a skill that is required in every subject area to support with aspects such as communication and comprehension, whether this is through discussion or a written piece. We believe that if children are confidently communicating and understanding their learning, this will lead to a more focused, happier child who will: love language; write their ideas quickly and fluently; and will be more adventurous with the words they use to express themselves. Overall, spelling is a fundamental skill that will allow our children to achieve their very best and will leave our school with the necessary skills to succeed in the future. 

How Grammar and Punctuation supports our school's vision:

Our aim is that all children will be encouraged to explore a wide range of vocabulary; developing a deeper understanding and more accurate and precise use of spelling, within their written work, as well as learn how to use correct grammatical forms so they can convey their thoughts in a creative yet purposeful manner.

National Curriculum Aims for all pupils:

  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate

The programmes of study for writing at key stages 1 and 2 are constructed similarly to those for reading: 

  • transcription (spelling and handwriting)
  • composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing).

It is essential that teaching develops pupils’ competence in these two dimensions. In addition, pupils should be taught how to plan, revise and evaluate their writing. These aspects of writing have been incorporated into the programmes of study for composition.

Writing down ideas fluently depends on effective transcription: that is, on spelling quickly and accurately through knowing the relationship between sounds and letters (phonics) and understanding the morphology (word structure) and orthography (spelling structure) of words. Effective composition involves forming, articulating and communicating ideas, and then organising them coherently for a reader. This requires clarity, awareness of the audience, purpose and context, and an increasingly wide knowledge of vocabulary and grammar. Writing also depends on fluent, legible and, eventually, speedy handwriting.

What does writing look like at Aberford C of E Primary School?

Children will experience a wide range of authors and text types during their time at Aberford C of E Primary School. In each year group, pupils will regularly hear high-quality and inspiring books being read to them and experience a range of writing styles and genre. These novels and books form the basis of our writing stimuli.

Our writing curriculum aims to develop ambitious and articulate authors that exist in each and every one of our children. They are encouraged to use their knowledge of texts to write for a variety of purposes such as: explanations, instructions, reports, balanced arguments, stories and poems.

Early Writing

The process of our writing begins in Early Years, as soon as a child can pick up a pencil and they then begin the journey of developing their skills and ability to confidently write about a variety of experiences. The process helps to empower our children to have the confidence and skills to be able to plan and write both fiction and non-fiction pieces, including poetry.

Throughout KS1 and KS2, writing is taught through a structured sequence where children learn the content and features of a model text linked to the purpose and genre they are focusing on (often by heart).  Fluency with the sentence structures and content is well practised before children apply their learning to a new piece of writing, where they can demonstrate their newly found expertise.  All pieces of writing are then published by the children, providing them with a purpose, an audience and a sense of pride.

Key Skills

Each year group begins the teaching of writing by focusing on the key skills which we expect children to master.  These are rigorously taught and practised so that children develop their fluency with these skills. Writing is a creative process which can set the children’s imaginations alight.  Teachers model how to capture these ideas using the key skills, in addition to always striving to use more ambitious vocabulary and sentences. Grammar and punctuation is taught both explicitly and implicitly within English lessons. We also ensure that grammar skills are effectively embedded in the children’s everyday work.

This leads to very high-quality outcomes of which both teachers and children are deservedly very proud.


Encouraging children to read their writing aloud also helps to develop their ability to edit and check with the aid of our editing system, “ARMS and COGS”.


We expect children to have very high standards of presentation in their writing, and teach a cursive style of handwriting. When children reach the expected standard, they are considered for a pen license. We follow the Nelson Handwriting Scheme throughout school, which supports consistency in teaching and high expectations. 


We teach spelling to build on children’s knowledge and understanding of phonics. At Aberford, EYFS, Year 1 and Year 2 follow our own adapted phonics scheme based on 'Letters and Sounds' and Year 3 - 6 follow the 'No Nonsense' spelling scheme. Each week, children memorise up to ten words from the statutory vocabulary and spelling rules which they are expected to spell correctly and have a weekly practise of applying rules and recalling these spellings.


'Speak in such a way that others love to listen to you. Listen in such a way that others love to speak to you.' - Annonymous


How Speaking and Listening supports our school's vision:

At Aberford C of E Primary School, opportunities to develop and improve children’s oracy skills are embedded not only in the English curriculum but also across the wider curriculum. Teachers are mindful in their planning of topics to involve speaking and listening wherever possible such as through discussions debates, performances and presentations. Children practise speaking for a variety of purposes and audiences, adapting their language appropriately as well as their intonation, tone, volume and actions. Dynamic use of questioning and different types of questions allow the children at Aberford to further improve their speaking skills. We also aim to expose our children to a rich diet of vocabulary and we strive to ensure children at Aberford leave us with a wealth of vocabulary to draw upon in their next stage of learning.

The National Curriculum for English reflects the importance of spoken language in pupils’ development across the whole curriculum – cognitively, socially and linguistically. Spoken language underpins the development of reading and writing. The quality and variety of language that pupils hear and speak are vital for developing their vocabulary, grammar and their understanding of reading and writing.

Speaking and Listening

"The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you'll go!"



At Aberford, we have created our own phonics scheme, based on Letters and Sounds. We use the Letters and Sounds phases, starting at Phase 1 and 2 in Reception and progress right through to Phase 6 in Year 2. Our Phase 6 teaching and learning also uses ideas and resources from 'Spelling Play'. We teach daily phonics lessons and use mnemonics to help the children to remember each new sound. 

At Aberford, we are committed to ensuring that our phonics lessons are effective and rigorous. By doing so, we ensure a progression of skills throughout Reception and Key Stage One and expect that by the end of Key Stage One, children can: 

-Independently use their phonic knowledge to read fluently, sounding out and blending unfamiliar words without support.

-Read age appropriate books with increasing fluency and expression. 

-Read words containing common suffixes. 

-Discuss what they have read, expressing their views and making predictions and inferences. 


The correct enunciation of sounds and the modelling of blending by all adults is paramount and we ensure that all staff have regular training to ensure high quality phonics lessons are delivered daily. For any children still working on Phases 2-6 in Year 3 or beyond, we provide daily phonics interventions alongside the whole class teaching of reading. These interventions are personalised and tailored to ensure that gaps in learning are diminished and progress is accelerated. 


The correct pronunciation of each sound can be found here: 




Phonics Documents


Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand.” - Benjamin Franklin


How drama supports our school's vision:

Our vision is for all pupils to leave Aberford C of E Primary School as confident, social and imaginative individuals, with an understanding of performance and presentation skills.

Drama is outlined in the 2014 National Curriculum under the ‘Spoken Language’ section, which says:

 “All pupils should be enabled to participate in and gain knowledge, skills and understanding associated with the artistic practice of drama. Pupils should be able to adopt, create and sustain a range of roles, responding appropriately to others in role. They should have opportunities to improvise, devise and script drama for one another and a range of audiences, as well as to rehearse, refine, share and respond thoughtfully to drama and theatre performances.”

Drama activity is already a natural part of most children’s lives before they start school in the form of make-believe play, enabling them to make sense of their own identity by exploring meaningful fictional situations that have parallels in the real world. This can be utilised at school through structured play and drama to encourage pupils to learn actively and interactively throughout the primary years and across the curriculum.


What does drama look like at Aberford C of E Primary School?

Children like to move and to interact with others. In drama, we ask them to do exactly this. Rather than sitting still and listening, they are encouraged to move, speak and respond to one another. Pupils often respond more positively to the imaginative and multi-sensory learning offered by drama. This in turn helps them develop such skills as creativity, enquiry, communication, empathy, self-confidence, cooperation, leadership and negotiation. Most importantly, drama activities are fun – making learning both enjoyable and memorable.

​Drama is ideal for cross-curricular learning and is a valuable tool for use in many subject areas. In particular, drama develops literacy skills – supporting speaking and listening, extending vocabulary and encouraging pupils to understand and express different points of view. Dramatic activity motivates children to write for a range of purposes.

Drama gives children opportunities to explore, discuss and deal with difficult issues and express their emotions in a supportive environment. It enables them to explore their own cultural values and those of others, past and present. It encourages them to think and act creatively, thus developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills that can be applied in all areas of learning. Through drama, children are encouraged to take responsible roles and make choices – to participate in and guide their own learning.

Drama activities include performance poetry, hot seating, freeze-framing, performing play scripts and acting in the role of characters. Drama is also undertaken as part of Collective Worship, Christmas Nativity and end of year performances. We also provide as many opportunities as possible for our children to watch live performances.

Our KS2 Productions

Over recent years, we are very proud to have performed;

  • Tuishi Pamoja
  • Beauty and the Beast
  • Mary Poppins
  • Aladdin
  • Peter Pan
  • Jungle Book

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